For a large portion of our readers who deal mostly with US higher education, it could be easy to dismiss Moodle as an LMS and an idea past its prime. Market data from Edutechnica shows that since 2013 the number of adopting US institutions has hit a plateau, but the total number of students served (number of institutions using Moodle as primary LMS scaled by enrollment) has actually decreased. Gone are the days of UCLA, LSU, Athabasca, North Carolina Community Colleges, UNC Charlotte and other high-profile Moodle selections from the late 2000s.1 Pop quiz: name the last significant LMS decision process in US higher ed that selected Moodle as a replacement for another system.
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And yet no other academic LMS solution comes close to Moodle in terms of worldwide deployments and learners enrolled. Even if you're a US college or university, consider several reasons why Moodle matters.
Most Common LMS For Small Schools
Again using Edutechnica data (this time from early 2014), for US institutions with enrollments of 2,500 FTE or less Moodle is the market leader, surpassing Blackboard Learn.
Most Prevalent LMS In The World Based On Self-Reported Data
This is a tricky measurement as different solutions report their data differently and there is a motivation to inflate numbers, but it is still a useful data source to consider. The commercial LMSs release their number of worldwide clients and total number of students / learners in press releases, blog posts, or article references - typically combining data across all markets (higher ed, K-12, corporate learning). Open source solutions like Moodle and Sakai tend to list or summarize their actual adopting institutions on public web pages.
- Blackboard: 19,000 clients and 90-100 million students (but this is for all product lines; assume far less than half the counts from Bb Learn)
- Canvas: 1,200 clients and 18 million students (all for LMS)
- D2L: 1,100 clients and 15 million students (all product lines but mostly LMS)
- Sakai lists their number of adopting institutions: 270.
- Moodle uses a software identification strategy and posts their current number of sites (active LMS instances), course, and students. This can be found in Moodle Statistics. What are the numbers? 60,600 installations and 77 million students.
This data, however, has a large margin for error.
- On one hand, a large number of instances are for 500 students or less (as shown above), indicating personal or ad hoc non-institutional usage.
- On the other hand, system registration is voluntary and no one knows how many organizations just don't report. For example, Blackboard's Moodlerooms clients are not counted as the use a SaaS model without separate installations.
We can eliminate much of the personal or ad hoc reporting usage by eliminating the 46,000 sites and 3.6 million students where enrollment is less than 500 per site. This leaves a conservative estimate of 14,600 sites (> 500 enrollment) and 73 million students.
Even with these conservative estimates, Moodle numbers are greater than any other academic LMS and are comparable to the largest corporate LMS (Skillsoft after its acquisition of SumTotal for 10,000 clients and 60 million end users). It is likely that even with the noise in the system, Moodle is still the most prevalent academic LMS in the world and on the same rough level as Skillsoft and Edmodo2 for overall LMS.
It is not easy to get worldwide LMS market data that does not come directly from the provider. The best one that I know of for academic usage is ListEdTech, which uses a wiki along with staff data collection and cleanup for higher education. This chart from 2013 shows the most commonly deployed LMS in each country, and Moodle has the most countries, by far.
Anecdotally, every time I have spot checked per country, as was done in Colombia talking to institutional staff and vendor resellers whose business it is to know their local market, I get similar results showing Moodle as the most common system outside of the US.
Online Service Providers
Two years ago I wrote how Moodle had "quietly become the dominant LMS for online service providers", noting:
It is this market where the Moodle LMS has seen its most impressive growth in the US in the past two years, as approximately half of these providers use Moodle as their core learning platform. Typically the companies customize the platform by extensions to Moodle and white labeling. This market is interesting, as the companies themselves are growing, leading to organic growth in LMS usage.
Series of Posts
What began as an idea for a standalone Moodle analysis post has now morphed into a series of posts that Michael and I will write over the next couple of weeks. The reason we are putting this much emphasis on Moodle is that it matters a great deal, even in the US higher education market. With this large worldwide presence, it is natural that Moodle has become big business - institutions and corporates rely on Moodle for their core learning platform. Perhaps because of this usage growth, there appears to be some significant changes that to me indicate an inflection point for the Moodle community and how it allocates resources.
What changes are going on? How sustainable is this particular open source model? How well is the system adapting to new LMS solutions and end user expectations? Stay tuned for more.